Knee injuries in women and men

  • Have you ever had cartilage wear problems?
  • Do you have knee discomfort or pain when you play sports or at other times?
  • Do your joints hurt from your work or from the passage of time?
  • Do you want to improve your sports performance but your joint problems won't let you?

Today in let's talk about:

  • The problem of knee wear
  • Diseases that affect your knees.
  • Knee problems with age.
  • Natural preventive solutions .

Knee problems in women and men

The knees are a very important part of our lives and at the same time one of the most prone to injuries and problems, which is why in this guide we are going to talk about one of the most common problems that can occur in this area: knee wear and the diseases associated with this problem.


Bone and cartilage problems affect a very large number of the Spanish population and to very different degrees.

  Why do we suffer from knee wear?

Wear and tear on the knee is a very painful chronic disease that can hinder our movement. It can be due to many different causes, such as: suffering from osteoarthritis, genetic and hereditary factors, obesity or joint problems caused by overexertion, as is the case with athletes.

Knee wear consists of alterations within the cells of the articular cartilage of the knee that derive in a lack of resistance to the pressure and the lack also of the elasticity of the cartilage. These alterations what they are going to do is to go deteriorating and thinning the cartilage and therefore, preventing the correct movement of the articulation and causing great pain.

Some of its indicative symptoms are:


- Knee pain and punctures when standing for long periods of time.
- Pain when walking on uneven ground, with stones or in the field.
- Punctured on the way up the stairs.
- Pain in the knee when you get up after sitting for a long time.
- Cracks.
- Inflammation.
- In more advanced stages, a slight deformation appears.

 How do you solve the problem when you already have one?

To deal with the problem of knee wear when it has already appeared there are different methods depending on the severity and the state of progression of the disease. In the first mild stages of the disease it can be treated by the use of infiltration analgesic medication.

When the disease has already reached more serious levels of wear and tear, the solution is surgery and going through the operating room. The operation performed is a knee prosthesis operation in which the joint is replaced by an artificial prosthesis. With this new prosthesis, the aim is to relieve pain and allow the knee to become functional again in order to continue leading a normal life.

  How do you prevent the problem before it appears?

For example, high-impact sports such as running, basketball, volleyball, handball or paddleball, involve continuous jumps that impact on the joints and cause knee injuries, so it is recommended that you do not practice these types of sports and opt for low-impact sports that are less aggressive.

One of the most suitable sports that you can follow for your joint health is swimming, a very complete sport that will help you strengthen your muscles so that your knees are more protected. So our recommendation is

If you have knee problems when you play sports, maybe you should play a low-impact sport, instead of a high-impact one.

For athletes it is also highly recommended that they take breaks during sports periods so that the joint is rested and not forced to its limit because it can become dangerous to their health.

By maintaining a healthy life, we can prevent its progression and even its appearance by following these tips:

- Maintaining optimal weight avoids excessive weight that overloads your knees.
- Taking care of the immune system increases your doses of calcium, phosphorus and especially magnesium, which you can find in fruits, fresh vegetables and nuts.
- Foods to renew cartilage, such as legumes, cod, brewer's yeast, gelatine or eggs. Vitamin C is also important in fruits such as lemons, oranges or kiwis.

What effect do the knee pads have if I want to protect myself?

Kneepads are a product that can be very useful in treating knee wear. There are specific kneepads for this problem that are perfectly adapted to the sport you are doing, whether it is walking, running, cycling, crossfiting, soccer or anything else that makes your knee suffer.

What the knees do is use compression to center the kneecap and hold it in place so that there is no displacement. Being made of materials such as neoprene, it brings heat to the area that calms the pain.

Knee pads are very effective in mild cases and as a preventive measure. They can be worn for four to six hours a day or during sports.

Women are more likely to suffer from knee wear

Women, in general, are much more likely than men to suffer from knee problems. This is because of the specific anatomy of women and the hormonal changes and fluctuations that occur in their bodies. The sudden changes in the level of hormones that occur during menstruation, pregnancy or menopause mean that your body does not have sufficient levels of substances such as collagen, magnesium, calcium, vitamins, etc., which are essential for strong bones and joints.

Some characteristic women's movements such as sitting cross-legged also greatly affect the knee area.

Most important diseases related to the knees

Knees are a fundamental part of the human body since without them we could neither walk nor do any kind of movement and flexion in our legs. That is why we are going to enter the world of the most important diseases related to knees.

Arthritis of the knees

Arthritis is a disease that affects a large part of the world's population. Recent studies estimate that it affects between 0.5% and 1% of the world's population, which in Spain is equivalent to between 250,000 and 400,000 people.

Arthritis is the inflammation of one or more joints that will cause redness, heat, knee pain, and swelling. Along with joint inflammation and pain, you may have difficulty moving the affected area because of the stiffness of the joints caused by the inflammation of the joints.

Knee arthritis usually gives its first symptoms in middle age, but anyone can get arthritis. Women are more at risk for this disease because studies show that the 60% of people with arthritis are women.

Cartilage injuries and disorders

One of the most important cartilage-related knee diseases is chondromalacia, or knee wear, which is an injury to the cartilage on the back of the kneecap of the knee.

It can be a softening or a cracking of that cartilage, and this knee wear affects all kinds of people, both men and women, sportsmen and women and sedentary people.

Some of the symptoms of knee wear are

  • - Pain in the anterior aspect of the knee, related to physical activity and that worsens when going up and down stairs or when running on hard surfaces
    - Rocks and clicks of the kneecap during knee flexion-extension movements
    - Weakness of the quadriceps, especially the vast interior.
    - Sensation of instability in the knee.
  • Pain when extending the knee after spending time with the knee flexed.

In general, knee wear is more frequent in people over 40, but it can also affect younger people. The incidence of this injury in adolescents and young adults responds to stimuli of overload and overpressure in the knee, while in older people it is degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis that are responsible for the wear and tear of the joint cartilage.

Knee wear is very common in sports with the so-called "runner's knee", but although it is very frequent in sports, it is also common in sedentary people who force their knees because of their weaker muscles and bones when not doing sports. It is also more frequent in women than in men, like other knee pathologies, due to the anatomical characteristics of women.

Knee ligament injuries

One of the most important knee ligament injuries is injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). It occurs when these ligaments are stretched and torn by very sudden movement or by direct impacts such as car accidents.

You can also injure your collateral ligaments, which are usually caused by blows to the outer side of the knee and also cause it to stretch and tear. Injuries to the knee ligaments are very common when playing the high-impact sports mentioned above.

Knee tendon injuries

There are three major injuries related to the knee tendons:

-Tendonitis Tendonitis is the inflammation of the tendon caused by overuse of it, such as during sports. The tendon is stretched so much that it ends up becoming inflamed, or can even rupture if too much force is applied. In the knee, it is known as patellar tendonitis or jumper's knee, as it is more likely to happen in sports such as basketball that involve jumping.

-Osgood-Schlatter diseaseIt is a disease that involves the tension of the growth plate on the top of the shinbone. This occurs because the tendon detaches and tears a piece of bone from the knee. Its symptoms are swelling of the knee and the top of the shinbone area.

-Iliotibial band syndromeIt occurs when the tendon rubs against the outer bone of the knee area, if the knee is used excessively for a very long period of time. As a symptom, a swelling appears in the area and it is very common to occur during the practice of some sport.

Other knee injuries

We can find other very common knee injuries like these:

Osteochondritis DissecansThis condition occurs when not enough blood reaches the part of the bone below the surface of a joint. Then, the bone and cartilage will gradually loosen, causing pain in the knee area. Even some of the cartilage can become loose and clog the knee joint.

-The escrow syndrome. This knee injury occurs when the bands of knee tissue, called spleens, swell from overuse or from injury.

Appearance of knee problems with age

Age is one of the most important factors in suffering from knee diseases such as chondromalacia or knee wear, arthritis, osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.

The Spanish Society of Rheumatology states that osteoarthritis is the most common disease throughout Spain and it is estimated that around 43% of the population suffers from it. In addition, age is a key factor because almost half of the adult population over 50 years of age shows signs of osteoarthritis.

Moreover, women are much more likely to have knee problems because of their constitution and because of the hormones. For example, in the case of osteoarthritis, it is 52% of women who suffer from it compared to 29% of men.

When does it start to emerge and why?

In general, knee injuries are more common in people over 40, but they can also affect younger people from other causes. Knee diseases have a hereditary factor risk, so if you have a family member who has knee problems, you will be at a higher risk of suffering from it.

You are also more likely to suffer from knee problems when you have put a lot of stress on the area, for example by playing a sport in an uncontrolled and rough manner. High-impact sports are not recommended for when you have knee problems and it is better to opt for quieter, low-impact sports that prevent knee wear.

But it's not just sportsmen and women, sedentary people have much weaker muscles and bones because they don't do any kind of sport and so are not strong and resilient enough. Older injuries can also cause knee problems to develop with age because these traumas may not have healed completely at the time and over time begin to suffer.

Overweight causes knee problems since the knees can take more pressure.

Why is prevention essential?

The prevention of knee problems at an early age is essential to avoid having them in the future. It is essential because we all want to avoid at all costs knee pain, swelling, cartilage wear, stiffness, inability to move and in very serious cases until we go through an operation knee prosthesis.

How to prevent knee wear problems

As you can see, the main reason we suffer from the wear and tear of the knee cartilage and any other cartilage in our joints comes mainly from its use and subsequent deterioration. Therefore, the best way to solve this problem and to prevent this type of disease is to keep our bones as healthy as possible.

And how do we do that? By maintaining optimal levels of the proteins that keep our bones strong and firm and the muscles around them that help them in their motor and mobile work.

Based on this, we are going to talk to you briefly about what natural proteins our own body makes, what their functions are and what benefits they give us by having optimal protein levels in our body.

What protein is collagen and what is its function in our body?

Collagen is not a protein per se as there are 21 different types. Due to their function and similar molecular structure, all these types have been categorized to form the collagen family of proteins. This family of proteins is the most abundant in our body and is found mainly in skin, muscle, tendons, ligaments, cartilage and bone, representing 25% of the total mass of proteins in our body.

The problem with collagen is that its maximum production is reached between 25 and 35 years of age. From that age, its production begins to decline and we begin to see how our skin begins to slightly lose its shine, its elasticity and wrinkles begin to appear.

But, if we talk about bone problems, why do we talk about skin? Because the effects on the skin are more visible than on the bones. We can all see how at 40 we get wrinkles, but you can't see those "wrinkles" or loss of structure in your bones, tendons, ligaments and cartilage. Why not? So the loss of collagen causes all those elements in your body, even if you can't see them, to get weaker and weaker, until we realize that wear and tear when it's late and when we have pain, punctures or disease.

Taking collagen to balance this loss of productivity has countless benefits on bones, joints, skin luminosity and also on the muscles of the body. You will notice stronger bones and joints, which will help prevent future serious bone diseases such as arthritis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, chondromalacia or gout, and also repair damaged or worn cartilage. Having stronger and healthier bones and joints, for those who are athletes, will also be beneficial because they will be more resistant to injury.

Collagen also leads to a better recovery after physical exercise, which is very important for athletes.

What is the role of magnesium in our body?

Having optimal levels of magnesium provides a countless list of health benefits, as it is an extremely important element in the body. Having low levels of magnesium can even cause some serious diseases to develop.

The magnesium:

- It favours the activation of the neurons, which makes the nervous system work properly and stay in good condition for longer.
- It has relaxing and anti-stress effects, so important also for mental health and well-being in the day-to-day life of a society that is so overwhelmed.
- It gives you more energy for your day to day, as you have more nutrients to burn to get that much needed energy intake throughout the day.
- Strengthens bones and teeth.
- It prolongs life and improves the condition of your kidneys.
- In women, it promotes menstrual balance and decreases the associated pain.
- It purifies the body and relieves constipation, while also helping you to have a better digestion.
- It reduces the risk of heart problems by lowering blood pressure.
- It helps to relax the muscles.

Hyaluronic acid for bones

Hyaluronic acid is a carbohydrate that our body naturally synthesizes in order to lubricate our bones and joints. Due to its density and viscosity, it is very moisturizing for the skin, which is why it is commonly used in cosmetic products.

Hyaluronic acid is found in all the bones and cartilages of our body to allow the movement of all of them, although with the passage of time and the wear and tear of the joints, this substance loses consistency and, consequently, its function is diminished. It is therefore essential to take products that strengthen the quantity and quality of hyaluronic acid in our body.

In addition, hyaluronic acid is responsible for assisting in the synthesis and production of twenty-one types of collagen that our body needs to be healthy, so improving the presence of this carbohydrate has all the benefits of collagen associated with it.

What is the MSM and what does it do?

The MSM is widely used by athletes, bodybuilders, and exercise enthusiasts to reduce pain, numbness, and inflammation associated with cramped, sprained muscles, some injuries, and overextended joints.

The MSMmethylsulfonylmethane is a natural source of sulfur, which is a critical mineral element for the normal functioning and structure of our body. It is found in the normal diets of humans and almost all vertebrate animals. The appropriate chemical name is methylsulfonylmethane. It is the primary and oxidized metabolite of dimethyl sulfoxide and appears to share many of its therapeutic properties.

When there are adequate levels of MSM - methylsulfonylmethane In our body, our cells become more permeable allowing our body to get rid of undesirable foreign particles. If our body is sulfur-deficient, the cell walls become hard and taut preventing the normal flow of fluid through the cell walls.

MSM - methylsulfonylmethane softens the cell walls, allowing allergens, foreign proteins and any free radicals to be removed from our bodies.

The MSM is a very effective natural remedy against most inflammatory musculoskeletal problems involving the tendons and ligaments. Many of these problems are caused by difficult and repetitive movements related to work and sports. So it is useful in tennis elbow, tendinitis in the shoulders, arms and feet, Achilles tendon contraction and bursitis. Studies indicate that if the MSM if taken regularly, the cells become permeable and the pancreas brings the blood sugar back to its levels.

What is chondroitin and what does it do?

Chondroitin is an element that associates with certain proteins to create other larger, more complex molecules. It is found in the cartilage, skin, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels of all living things, from a cow to a gorilla to a human being.

Its presence in our bodies generates numerous benefits for our body such as:

- It improves the condition of the joints and their functioning.
- Reduce cartilage-related problems and prevent aging.
- Reduce pain and inflammation associated with bone diseases such as arthritis, in ligaments, tendons and cartilage, to have a better lifestyle.

What is glucosamine and what is it for?

Glucosamine sulfate is one of the compounds that is holding out the most hope for recovery from osteoarthritis according to the ACR, although we are going to focus on its function within sports supplementation, where it is one of those supplements that has a lot of supporters and defenders, although its usefulness has not yet been fully demonstrated.

Glucosamine is a compound that is generated endogenously in the body and sometimes its lack is associated with rheumatic pain in the elderly and athletes with some type of injury or joint wear. Taking "regenerating" supplements (very successful in the Americas) of connective tissue largely possess Glucosamine for which it is extracted from the chitin of crustaceans such as crab or shrimp.

Vitamin C for bones

We all know the vitamin in orange juice, but do you know its benefits? Today, many studies have shown that those people who have taken vitamin C more consistently throughout their lives have stronger and healthier bones than those who have not.

And they have a lower risk of diseases such as osteoarthritis, arthritis, osteoporosis or other bone diseases, so you need to take enough of these daily doses to avoid these problems.

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